Winter pruning
Pruning is very easy. In the UK and other climates with relatively mild winters, January and February is the best time. In regions with cold winters pruning should be delayed until spring growth is just starting.

On all plants remove very weak, old and woody, dead and diseased stems.
Pruning shrub roses
English Roses and other repeat flowering shrub roses should be cut down by between 1/3 and 2/3 but only thinned a little (dotted line 1)

Bush Roses (hybrid teas and floribundas) should be cut down by between 3/4 and 1/2 thinning out some of the older main stems.

Non repeating shrubs should be left alone or lightly pruned by no more than 1/3 (dotted line 2) and thinned very lightly.
Pruning climbers and ramblers
When pruning climbers, the previous year’s flowering shoots should be reduced to 3 or 4 buds or about 6” (15cms). Tie in the strong, new stems, cutting out older ones as necessary.

Ramblers should be left to ramble at will. Remove older growth if this becomes too dense. Some varieties of ramblers are extremely vigorous. If your rose grows too large and needs to be constrained, it may be pruned in the same way as a climber. Very heavy pruning can reduce the next season's flowering, so when selecting a rambler, always make sure that the rose will not grow too large for the desired position.
Dead heading
Dead heading is the removal of spent flowers. This helps to encourage better repeat flowering and helps to keep the plant looking tidy during the summer. It can be quite a relaxing activity during a summer's day. Either just remove the flower head or cut the stem back to the first full leaf.
Summer pruning English Roses
When growing the English Roses, pruning can be very much an art rather than a science and there are few hard and fast rules. Although we aim to give accurate sizes for our roses, we find that in practice, a tremendous variation is possible, especially when dealing with some of the more vigorous roses with potential to climb. These varieties can be pruned almost as lightly or as hard as is required to keep them to the height and form an individual gardener requires.

Summer pruning the more vigorous repeat flowering varieties after each flush of flowers can encourage better repeat flowering and will also limit the height of the rose. To summer prune, simply cut back the flowering stems, leaving two or three buds remaining on this season's new growth.

In the gardens at Albrighton, visitors can see a medium sized Crown Princess Margareta rose growing in one part of the garden, while the same variety may also be found growing as a climber on a small arch in another part of the garden. The difference is simply that the shrub rose has been pruned back to between a third and two thirds of its height in winter, where the climber has been tied in and only lightly tidied up. In warm summers, we will usually go on to summer prune the more vigorous shrub roses such as Crown Princess Margareta, cutting back the flowering stems by around a half after the first flush of flowers.
Slow release organic-based rose food

David Austin Mycorrhizal Fungi helps roses establish more quickly


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DAVID AUSTIN ® is a registered name for David Austin Roses
03 September 2015